UNIT 18: CRIME
- Provide a definition of crime.
- Present the classification of criminal offences according to seriousness.
- Present the classification of criminal offences according to the object of crime.
- Name and explain several offences per category.
- Name and explain the two elements of crime.
- Explain the exemptions from criminal liability.
Key terms: treason, indictable offence, summary offence, offence triable either way, prosecution, conviction, acquittal, verdict, sentence, exemption, insanity, coercion, necessity
Collocations: criminal liability, proving guilt beyond reasonable doubt, crimes against the State, public peace and order, crimes against the person, crimes against property
UNIT 19: DEATH AND THE LAW
- Describe the changes introduced by the 1961 Suicide Act in the UK.
- Explain the term euthanasia including the various types.
- Explain the difference between euthanasia and assisted suicide
- Describe the legislative situation regarding abortion in the UK
Key terms: assisted suicide, active euthanasia, passive euthanasia, voluntary euthanasia, non-voluntary euthanasia
Collocations: to perform euthanasia, to assist a suicide
UNIT 20: THE DEATH PENALTY
- Describe the situation concerning death penalty in the USA (and some other countries)
- Explain the developments in the UK concerning death penalty
- Name the main points from the speech of Lord Kennet and elaborate on them
- Name the institutions and documents in Europe (position of the EU, Council of Europe) that support the abolition of death penalty
- Quote the provisions of the Croatian Constitution related to capital punishment
Key terms: death penalty/capital punishment/capital penalty, execution, abolitionist, retentionist, murder rate, convicted/released murderer, prison sentence, life sentence, prevention/prevent, deterrent/deter, reform, rehabilitate, research, reprieve
Collocations: to inflict punishment, to abolish capital punishment, to commit capital murder, to reduce murder rate, to serve a sentence, to conduct research into sth, to prevent from doing sth, the prevention of crime, to reprieve a prisoner, to release a prisoner
UNIT 21: MARRIAGE
- Give the basic definition of marriage in English law
- List three main conditions for a valid marriage
- Explain the bars to marriage
- Explain which marriages are void
- Explain which marriages are voidable
Key terms: consanguinity, custody, fraud, misrepresentation
Collocations: the age of majority, dissolution of marriage, to lower the age of majority, to enter a marriage under duress, mental incapacity, parental consent, to render a marriage voidable, to negate consent, void marriage, voidable marriage, voluntary union
UNIT 22: DIVORCE
- Discuss differences between marriage and other contracts
- Explain how the rules governing marriage are determined
- Explain why the parties cannot agree on what is to amount to a breach of the marriage
- Describe the law of divorce in England before 1969
- List the grounds for divorce
- Name the parties in the divorce proceedings
Key terms: divorce petition, spouses, grounds for divorce, matrimonial offence, adultery, desertion, petitioner, respondent.
Collocations: contracting parties, to avoid a marriage, ecclesiastical law, to terminate a marriage, the formation of a contract, to lay down the law, to grant a divorce, to grant custody
UNIT 23: WILLS AND INHERITANCE
- Define will and inheritance
- Explain the formal requirements for a valid will
- Define testamentary capacity and explain its components
- Explain how a will can be revoked or altered
- Explain the grounds for challenging a will
- Explain the the meaning of probate
Key terms: assets, beneficiary, bequest, deceased, estate, executor, heir, legacy, legator, legatee, probate, residue, testator, testament, will/ last will
Collocations: to appoint an executor, to die intestate, intestate succession, freedom of dispposition, forced heirship, probate proceeding, rules of intestacy
UNIT 24: THE LEGAL CHARACTER OF INTERNATIONAL LAW
- Provide a definition of international law
- Explain the difference between public international law and private international law
- Discuss differences between national law, international law and supranational law (EU law)
- List the sources of international law
- Explain the hierarchy of sources of international law
- Enumerate the subjects of international law
- List some areas of international law
- Discuss the enforcement of international law
Key terms: accession, convention, ratification,treaty
Collocations: to abide by international law, to accede to a treaty, convention right, bound by convention, to conclude a convention, international custom, to abrogate a treaty, infringment of a treaty, treaty obligation, treaty relations, to violate a treaty
UNIT 25: THE CHARTER OF THE UN
1. Outline the historical development of the UN (including the League of Nations)
2. Explain how and when the Charter came into force
3. List the main bodies of the UN and explain their function (General Assembly, Security Council,
International Court of Justice, Secretariat, Economic and Social Council)
4. Explain the importance of the Charter for the International Court of Justice
5. Explain the key purposes and the main principles of the UN (in accordance with the original text of
the Charter, Article 1 and Article 2)
6. Describe shortly the relations between the Republic of Croatia and the UN (Croatia’s membership)
Key terms: charter, preamble, declaration, bill of rights, purposes of the UN, self-determination, bodies of the UN, members countries, international peace and security, economic/cultural cooperation, threat prevention, peaceful means/measures, dispute resolution, settlement of conflicts, assistance
Collocations: to adopt a declaration, to maintain/maintenance of international peace, to open (a charter) for signature, to ratify a charter, to enter into force, to refrain from the use of force, to settle international disputes, to prevent war, to apply peaceful measures, to provide assistance, to act according to the principle...
UNIT 26: THE EUROPEAN COURT OF JUSTICE
1. Name the main institutions of the EU, their structure and key roles
2. Explain the main sources of the EU Law (primary and secondary legislation)
3. Define the principles of supremacy (or primacy) of the EU law and direct effect
4. Explain the composition of the Court of Justice of the European Union - CJEU (formerly ECJ) and its tasks
5. Explain the role of the General Court (formerly the Court of First Instance)
6. Describe the role of the EU Civil Service Tribunal
7. Name the (five) main types of cases and the parties involved in the dispute
8. Explain the mechanism of “reference for preliminary ruling”
Key terms: EU institutions, legislative function, budgetary power, sources of law, primary legislation (treaties), secondary legislation (regulations, directives, decisions, recommendations), legislative initiative, co-decision /ordinary legislative procedure, supremacy, direct effect, judge, Advocate General, request/reference for preliminary ruling, direct action, actions for annulment, parties in the dispute
Collocations: to sign a treaty, to approve the budget, to enhance the effectiveness of the EU law, to refer a case from a national court to..., to deliver judgement, to interpret/develop EU law, to integrate into legal systems of MS (member states), failure to do sth (e.g. to fulfil an obligation), to bring a case before the CJEU